Now look closely at this selection of shots taken from some of the films (documentaries and dramas) you may have watched elsewhere in this resource; these include: The 10th Man, No Pasaran – they shall not pass, and The Vanishing Street. Name each shot type and try to  think what the director’s purpose was in taking that shot.


When we make a film, we make choices about how to frame each shot. The shots we use will create different effects for the audience. Look at the list of shot types in the left hand column and their effects in the right hand column. To see what these shots might look like, take a look here or here. Study the descriptions as they will help you with the following task.


After you have named and thought about the purpose of each shot, discuss your responses in groups.  If there are any shots you can’t decide on, take a look here to help you understand more.


In pairs or threes, use a camera (it can be a stills camera; it doesn’t have to be moving images) to produce each of these different shot types by filming or photographing each other. If you don’t have a camera, sketch out each shot type – you don’t have to be a good drawer, it’s just to give an impression:

  • Close up
  • Mid shot
  • Wide shot
  • Low angle shot
  • High angle shot

Once you have understood some basic shots, try now to construct a short narrative with a beginning, middle and end. It should be very simple and can be about anything you like; here are some ideas to get you started.

  • Washing a dirty car
  • Receiving important news in the post
  • Answering a surprising phone call

Try to tell this story in no more than 10 shots, using a variety of each type.  Plan your story using this storyboard template